What is Head and Neck Cancer?

You may be confused about head and neck cancer symptoms if you’ve ever wondered. Here is some information to help you understand the disease and your treatment options. Most types of head and neck cancer are treated with surgery, and the purpose of surgery to remove cancerous cells is to treat the patient. In some cases, this procedure is tricky, especially if the cancer is in the larynx, resulting in the patient’s inability to speak. Some patients have their cervical lymph nodes removed to prevent the disease from spreading.

Head and Neck Cancer Treatment
Most types of head or neck cancer can be treated if detected early. However, some types cannot. Treatments for head and neck carcinomas usually involve surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or both. Radiation therapy or surgery may be required for the most advanced cases. Treatment will depend on the stage of cancer, where it first appeared, and the spread of the disease. A specialist nurse will assist you in understanding the available treatments.

Head and Neck Cancer Symptoms
If you are experiencing neck and head cancer symptoms, you may be wondering how to determine if it is. You should consult a doctor to rule other medical conditions out. Because the neck and head cancer symptoms are different for everyone, it is important to get checked by a doctor. Here are some signs and symptoms that can indicate head or neck cancer. These signs should be reported to your doctor immediately.

Head and Neck Cancer Diagnosis
There are three types of head and neck cancer. Stage I and II cancers, have a small spread and are not likely to spread beyond the original tumor site. Stage III and IV cancers have spread to lymph nodes around the original site. These larger, more advanced tumors may be incurable but still be treated to reduce symptoms. Treatments may include surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy, depending on the stage.

Head and Neck Cancer Treatment options
Several treatments are available for head and neck cancer. The goal of chemotherapy is to shrink the tumor by slowing or stopping its growth. Drugs that block the growth of tumor cells, called immunotherapy drugs, are also available. Palliative care may be an option for patients suffering from advanced head or neck cancer, and it can help manage symptoms and prolong lives. Immunotherapy drugs are not a cure. This treatment is only for cancer that is not curable by other treatments.

Populations at risk for head and neck cancer Worldwide
Socioeconomic status is a major factor in neck and head cancer development. Even though alcohol and tobacco use have been shown to increase the risk of neck and head cancer, there are also other risk factors like poor oral health or genetic factors. A study in the United States showed that low socioeconomic status men are more likely to develop oral cancer. The study examined socioeconomic circumstances at the individual level and in areas based on deprivation.

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